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    • Marine litter is now recognized as a major problem of marine pollution that destroys the ecological, economic and cultural values of the marine environment. Marine litter is mostly persistent synthetic material, non-degradable plastic, metal and glass, which can remain in the marine environment for many years. These materials cause injure and/or death of human and other living thing by entanglement and ingestion. For instances, animal feeds on marine debris such as plastic bag looks like food which can lead to starvation or malnutrition. Abandoned fishing net traps a number of animals resulting deaths consequentially. Vessels can also be damaged by buoyant materials which needed considerable costs to repair.
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    • In response to growing concern related to marine litter, the NOWPAP activities have been initiated since November 2005 when the project proposal was approved at the Tenth NOWPAP Intergovernmental Meeting. The first phase, called Marine Litter Activity (MALITA), was completed by the end of 2007. The overall objective of the MALITA project was to develop NOWPAP Regional Action Plan on Marine Litter (RAP MALI) in order to promote the environmental protection and sustainable development of the NOWPAP region. The second phase of NOWPAP marine litter activities is the implementation of NOWPAP RAP MALI which started in March 2008. Some activities carried out during the MALITA project continue during the RAP MALI implementation.

      MERRAC has carried out relevant activities on sea-based marine litter under the MALITA project and RAP MALI implementation.


    • Marine Litter Activity (MALITA)
    • MERRAC has carried out the relevant activities designated at the MALITA projects in co-operation with NOWPAP RCU, MERRAC Focal Points, Marine Litter Focal Points and other RACs and also developed the guideline and programme.

      MERRAC organized the 1st NOWPAP Marine Litter Workshop in Incheon, Republic of Korea on 8-9 June 2006, back to back with a field trip, which were financially sponsored by Korean Government. The 1st NOWPAP Workshop on Marine Litter provides opportunity to exchange information on marine litter management, and participants were introduced, during the field trip, several exemplary management techniques employed by Incheon City, including a thermal volume reduction system, a purchasing programme known as the Korean Buyback Programme, and various management practices in Incheon coastal waters. MERRAC published the Proceedings and CD format on the 1st NOWPAP Workshop on Marine Litter and distributed to all relevant organizations and experts.

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    • Under the MALITA project, MERRAC published the relevant guidelines and documents as follow:

      • Guidelines for monitoring marine litter on the seabed in the Northwest Pacific region
      • Guidelines for providing and improving port reception facilities and services for ship-generated marine litter in the NOWPAP region
      • Sectoral guidelines for marine litter management: Fishing
      • Sectoral guidelines for marine litter management: Commercial shipping
      • Sectoral guidelines for marine litter management: Recreational activities
      • Sectoral guidelines for marine litter management: Passenger ships
      • Brochure on sea-based marine litter: Problem & Solution

    • You can download the publications, please click here.


    • Regional Action Plan for Marine Litter (RAP MALI)
    • Based on the workplan and budget of RAP MALI, MERRAC has implemented relevant activities. Especially, MERRAC published the two reports during the intersessional period after circulation to NOWPAP RCU, IMO, MERRAC Focal Points, Marine Litter Focal Points and other RACs. For the development of public awareness materials, MERRAC has also translated the sectoral guidelines into Korean language.

      • Regional Report on Sea-based Marine Litter
      • Marine Litter Management: The approach of Incheon City, Republic of Korea
      • Sectoral guidelines for marine litter management: Fishing (Korean)
      • Sectoral guidelines for marine litter management: Commercial shipping (Korean)
      • Sectoral guidelines for marine litter management: Recreational activities (Korean)
      • Sectoral guidelines for marine litter management: Passenger ships (Korean)

    • You can download the publications, please click here.

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